Compaction is the process of joining loose material by compression. When that material happens to be solid waste, there are many options available for those in the market for waste compaction solutions.
Cram-A-Lot offers a complete range of waste compactors to accommodate various waste types and volumes. Jason Lind, sales director, said, “We manufacture, deliver and install hundreds of compactors annually. We have over 70 models of compactors to choose from, including the stationary, self-contained, pre-crusher, vertical, apartment and special, space-saver compactor varieties. Our compactor charge chambers range in size from .5 cu. yd. to 15 cu. yds.”
Lind said the two main reasons to use a compactor instead of a standard garbage container are to reduce the volume of the waste, which results in fewer hauls or pickups, and to prevent unauthorized access to waste, which discourages scavenging. “Our customers include recycling facilities, industrial manufacturing facilities, waste transfer stations, grocery stores, department stores, restaurants, hospitals and schools. When we’re working with a customer to determine the compactor that is the best suited for their application, we first consider the waste type – is it dry or wet waste? Is it industrial waste, restaurant waste or municipal waste?
“The type of waste will determine the style of compactor to be used. It is also important to understand the size and volume of waste generated by the user. Higher waste volume or bulky waste requires a larger compactor, which may need to be serviced by a roll-off truck instead of a front-load or rear-load truck.”
Cram-A-Lot’s most popular compactor for industrial applications is their CC-02 stationary compactor. It features a 2 cubic yard charge chamber and an internal power unit with a 10 hp motor and 6” cylinder. Along with a variety of hoppers and electrical and hydraulic options, the CC-02 can be equipped with options such as a full enclosure, drive-on deck and walk-on deck. “Compactors are exposed to some of the harshest environments you can imagine, so it’s important to select a product that is both reliable and durable. Cram-A-Lot compactors stand out from the crowd in this respect,” said Lind.
According to sales vice president Phil Allen, “K-PAC is a leading U.S. manufacturer of trash compactors, focused on providing solutions to a difficult but essential service – high volume trash collection. Our goal is to make quality compactors and we’re known as an innovator in design and quality features.”
Allen said that K-PAC products offer the following benefits: the highest ram penetration in the industry, which includes excellent compaction ratios; the largest clear top openings on charge chambers in the industry; high definition manufacturing processes to ensure critical tolerances and longevity equipment and K-PAC is the only compactor manufacturer to use baked-on DuPont™ Imron® Elite paint.
Allen described some of K-PAC’s most innovative and popular models:
The KP03 “Mini Series” apartment compactor is standard in the industry for chute-fed, high-rise buildings.
The Versa Pac is the most operator-friendly, vertical compactor available with a low loading height of only 42”.
The KP2 “Stubby” offers true 2 cu. yd. compactor performance when space is at a premium.
The KP2SC is a self-contained, 2 cu. yd. compactor that is the envy of the industry.
The KP2HT is the best of K-PAC’s KP2SC, made better by replacement of the rear door with a hydraulic dumping compactor end.
K-PAC also provides a number of chute-fed and dock-feed options to make installations simpler, faster and more economical. K-PAC is sister company to New Way, one of the fastest growing refuse truck body manufacturers in the country. As a result, K-PAC benefits from over 30 years of refuse equipment manufacturing expertise and a distributor network of over 50 dealers across the nation. K-PAC is represented on the WASTEC board, which develops industry safety standards on compactors and also contributes expertise to the development of the American National Safety Institute standards.
“The compactor industry has been affected by the struggling U.S. economy and we need to see improvement in the retail, manufacturing and construction sectors to see an improvement the compactor market. Another industry challenge is related to the growth of organics collection and how some big box stores have dumped a large number of used compactors on the market,” Allen noted.
Dave Miller is project engineer at SSI Compaction Systems (dba SSI Shredding Systems, Inc.). The company specializes in producing only pre-load waste compactors. “Our pre-load compactor is designed to compact waste within a bale chamber part of the compactor. The machine then ejects the compacted bale into a trailer or container for transport to the landfill. To see how the system works, a video at our website depicts the ‘waste by rail’ process,” stated Miller.
SSI’s larger models of pre-load compactors are designed to operate in transfer station operations of 1,000 tons per day or more. Miller explained that in most large transfer stations, 2 or more of these machines are used to ship up to 5 or 6 trailer loads per hour each, moving up to 150 tons of waste per hour. These products are designed to operate automatically or by radio controls located in the cab of the loading machine. The compactors are used in transfer station operations due to their ability to maximize payloads and minimize transportation costs. By building a bale of waste in the bale chamber, the trailers or containers used to transport the waste are made as light as possible as they aren’t required to resist the forces of other waste compactors compacting directly into the trailers or containers. The pre-load compactors are also set on scales, so they are able to weigh the waste added to the compactor and build a bale to the exact weight allowed by the equipment to transport the waste. This maximizes the payload for each trailer or container and so reduces operational costs. This pays for the capital expense in the short term and saves transportation costs over the long term.
The machines are used worldwide, especially when long distances are required to transport waste. Miller said that units are operating in Canada, Hong Kong, Australia, Russia and the United States. In the U.S., they are primarily used with rail haul and long distance trucking, as required in the western part of the country.
“Over the years, we have developed our products for light scrap metal and mobile applications. In the last year, we have produced ten of these units for the waste industry on the west coast with installations from Northern Washington State to Los Angeles County Sanitary Districts. These custom compactors are self-contained and operate via electrically-driven hydraulic power units. Transportation is provided by specialized heavy equipment and to install and initiate operation usually takes about two to three weeks. Our pre-load compactors are at the top of the waste compactor food chain. They have proven to be the most efficient means of loading waste from transfer station operations and in minimizing transportation costs in a world with ever-increasing energy and manpower costs,” Miller stated.